Diabetes in Pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes

How and What to Do

Diabetes in Pregnancy aka Gestational Diabetes is diagnosed during pregnancy. Like other forms of diabetes it affects how cells use blood sugar. Diabetes in pregnancy can adversely affect your pregnancy and your baby.

Is Diabetes in Pregnancy serious and causes problems?

What are symptoms of Diabetes in Pregnancy?

For Diabetes in Pregnancy, What tests are done?

How is diabetes in Pregnancy treated in Hyderabad?

Risk Factors for Diabetes in Pregnancy


Age more than 30

Pre Diabetic

Diabetes In previous Pregnancy

Family History


Previous Baby > 4Kg

Birth Defects in previous children


High BP, Cholestrol

Screening tests

Glucose Challenge Test

Glucose load is given and levels tested

Glucose Tolerance Test

An extension of Previous test

Non Stress Test

Done to evaluate baby before birth

Tests are done around 24 – 28 Weeks and could be earlier if you have risk factors. Ideal Sugar levels: Before meal 94 mg/dl; 1 hour after meal 140mg/dl; 2 hours after meal 120mg/dl.

Mostly Diabetes in pregnancy does not cause specific symptoms.

In some instances patients experience excessive thirst or frequent urination. Routine antenatal care in Parijatham Clinics involves testing for diabetes and all patients are screened through consultation during the intial phase of pregnancy.

Complications of Diabetes in Pregnancy

Possibilities due to increased blood sugars

Excessive Birth Weight

If your blood sugar level is higher than the standard range, it can cause your baby to grow too large. Very large babies — those who weigh 9 pounds or more — are more likely to become wedged in the birth canal, have birth injuries or need a C-section birth.

Early (Preterm) birth

High blood sugar may increase the risk of early labor and delivery before the due date. Or early delivery may be recommended because the baby is large.

Serious Breathing Difficulties

Babies born early may experience respiratory distress syndrome — a condition that makes breathing difficult.

Low Blood Sugars

Sometimes babies have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth. Severe episodes of hypoglycemia may cause seizures in the baby. Prompt feedings and sometimes an intravenous glucose solution can return the baby’s blood sugar level to normal.

Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes later in life

Babies have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life.

Still Birth?

Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth


High Blood Pressure & Pre Eclampsia

Gestational diabetes raises your risk of high blood pressure, as well as preeclampsia — a serious complication of pregnancy that causes high blood pressure and other symptoms that can threaten both your life and your baby’s life.

Having a C Section1

You’re more likely to have a C-section if you have gestational diabetes.

Having Future Diabetes?

If you have gestational diabetes, you’re more likely to get it again during a future pregnancy. You also have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes as you get older.